Alcohol

Personalised digital interventions for reducing hazardous and harmful alcohol consumption in community-dwelling populations

Abstract Background Excessive alcohol use contributes significantly to physical and psychological illness, injury and death, and a wide array of social harm in all age groups. A proven strategy for reducing excessive alcohol consumption levels is to offer a brief conversation-based intervention in primary care settings, but more recent technological innovations have enabled people to […]

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Motivational interviewing for alcohol misuse in young adults

bstract Background Alcohol use and misuse in young people is a major risk behaviour for mortality and morbidity. Motivational interviewing (MI) is a popular technique for addressing excessive drinking in young adults. Objectives To assess the effects of motivational interviewing (MI) interventions for preventing alcohol misuse and alcohol-related problems in young adults. Search methods We […]

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Pharmacotherapy for anxiety and comorbid alcohol use disorders

Abstract Background Anxiety disorders are a potentially disabling group of disorders that frequently co-occur with alcohol use disorders. Comorbid anxiety and alcohol use disorders are associated with poorer outcomes, and are difficult to treat with standard psychosocial interventions. In addition, improved understanding of the biological basis of the conditions has contributed to a growing interest […]

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Psychosocial interventions to reduce alcohol consumption in concurrent problem alcohol and illicit drug users

Abstract Background Problem alcohol use is common among illicit drug users and is associated with adverse health outcomes. It is also an important factor contributing to a poor prognosis among drug users with hepatitis C virus (HCV) as it impacts on progression to hepatic cirrhosis or opiate overdose in opioid users. Objectives To assess the […]

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Restricting or banning alcohol advertising to reduce alcohol consumption in adults and adolescents

Abstract Background Alcohol is estimated to be the fifth leading risk factor for global disability-adjusted life years. Restricting or banning alcohol advertising may reduce exposure to the risk posed by alcohol at the individual and general population level. To date, no systematic review has evaluated the effectiveness, possible harms and cost-effectiveness of this intervention. Objectives […]

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Anticonvulsants for alcohol dependence

Abstract Background Alcohol dependence is a major public health problem that is characterised by recidivism and a host of medical and psychosocial complications. Besides psychosocial interventions, different pharmacological interventions have been or currently are under investigation through Cochrane systematic reviews. Objectives The primary aim of the review is to assess the benefits/risks of anticonvulsants for […]

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Thiamine for prevention and treatment of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome in people who abuse alcohol

Abstract Background Autopsy studies suggest that Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is not a rare disorder, particularly in individuals who abuse alcohol. Thiamine has been established as the treatment of choice for over 50 years, but uncertainty remains about appropriate dosage and duration. Current practice guidelines are based on case reports and clinical experience. This is an […]

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Magnesium for alcohol withdrawal

Abstract Background Patients have been given magnesium to treat or prevent alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS). Evidence to support this practice is limited, and is often based on the controversial link between hypomagnesaemia and AWS. Objectives To assess the effects of magnesium for the prevention or treatment of AWS in hospitalised adults. Search methods We searched […]

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Managed alcohol as a harm reduction intervention for alcohol addiction in populations at high risk for substance abuse

Abstract Background Managed alcohol programmes (MAP) are a harm reduction strategy used to minimise the personal harm and adverse societal effects that alcohol dependence can lead to by providing an alternative to zero-tolerance approaches that incorporate drinking goals (abstinence or moderation) that are compatible with the needs of the individual, and promoting access to services […]

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Preoperative alcohol cessation prior to elective surgery

Abstract Background Hazardous drinking has been associated with an increased postoperative complication rate after surgery. Common complications include postoperative infections, cardiopulmonary complications, and bleeding episodes. Preoperative abstinence may to some degree reverse alcohol-induced pathophysiological processes and thus prevent postoperative complications. Objectives To assess the effect of preoperative alcohol cessation interventions on the rate of postoperative […]

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  • The review abstracts published on this site are the property of John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., and of the Cochrane Review Groups that have produced the reviews.
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