Dementia

Cognitive training for people with mild to moderate dementia

Abstract Background Cognitive impairment, a defining feature of dementia, plays an important role in the compromised functional independence that characterises the condition. Cognitive training (CT) is an approach that uses guided practice on structured tasks with the direct aim of improving or maintaining cognitive abilities. Objectives • To assess effects of CT on cognitive and […]

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Computerised cognitive training for preventing dementia in people with mild cognitive impairment

Abstract Background The number of people living with dementia is increasing rapidly. Clinical dementia does not develop suddenly, but rather is preceded by a period of cognitive decline beyond normal age‐related change. People at this intermediate stage between normal cognitive function and clinical dementia are often described as having mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Considerable research […]

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Computerised cognitive training for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in midlife

Abstract Background Normal aging is associated with changes in cognitive function that are non‐pathological and are not necessarily indicative of future neurocognitive disease. Low cognitive and brain reserve and limited cognitive stimulation are associated with increased risk of dementia. Emerging evidence now suggests that subtle cognitive changes, detectable years before criteria for mild cognitive impairment […]

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Computerised cognitive training for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in late life

Abstract Background Increasing age is associated with a natural decline in cognitive function and is also the greatest risk factor for dementia. Cognitive decline and dementia are significant threats to independence and quality of life in older adults. Therefore, identifying interventions that help to maintain cognitive function in older adults or to reduce the risk […]

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AD‐8 for detection of dementia across a variety of healthcare settings

Abstract Background Dementia assessment often involves initial screening, using a brief tool, followed by more detailed assessment where required. The AD‐8 is a short questionnaire, completed by a suitable ‘informant’ who knows the person well. AD‐8 is designed to assess change in functional performance secondary to cognitive change. Objectives To determine the diagnostic accuracy of […]

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Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid and late life

Abstract Background Vitamins and minerals play multiple functions within the central nervous system which may help to maintain brain health and optimal cognitive functioning. Supplementation of the diet with various vitamins and minerals has been suggested as a means ofmaintaining cognitive function, or even of preventing dementia, inlater life. Objectives To evaluate the effects of […]

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De‐escalation techniques for managing non‐psychosis induced aggression in adults

Abstract Background Aggression occurs frequently within health and social care settings. It can result in injury to patients and staff and can adversely affect staff performance and well‐being. De‐escalation is a widely used and recommended intervention for managing aggression, but the efficacy of the intervention as a whole and the specific techniques that comprise it […]

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Modifying the consistency of food and fluids for swallowing difficulties in dementia

Abstract Background People with dementia can have feeding and swallowing difficulties(dysphagia). Modification of the consistency of food or fluids, or both, is a common management strategy. However, diet modification can affect quality of life and may lead to dehydration and malnutrition. Evidence on the benefits and risks of modifyingfood and fluids is mandatory to improve […]

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Art therapy for people with dementia

Abstract Background Art therapy is defined by the British Association of Art Therapists as: “a form of psychotherapy that uses art media as its primary mode of communication. Clients who are referred to an art therapist need not have experience or skill in art. The art therapist is not primarily concerned with making an aesthetic […]

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Intravenous versus inhalational maintenance of anaesthesia for postoperative cognitive outcomes in elderly people undergoing non‐cardiac surgery

Abstract Background The use of anaesthetics in the elderly surgical population (more than 60 years of age) is increasing. Postoperative delirium, an acute condition characterized by reduced awareness ofthe environment and a disturbance in attention, typically occurs between 24 and 72 hours after surgery and can affect up to 60% of elderly surgical patients. Postoperative […]

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  • The review abstracts published on this site are the property of John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., and of the Cochrane Review Groups that have produced the reviews.
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