Back disorders

Back Schools for chronic non-specific low back pain

Abstract Background Many people with low back pain (LBP) become frequent users of healthcare services in their attempt to find treatments that minimise the severity of their symptoms. Back School consists of a therapeutic programme given to groups of people that includes both education and exercise. However, the content of Back School has changed over […]

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Multidisciplinary biopsychosocial rehabilitation for subacute low back pain

Abstract Background Low back pain (LBP) is associated with enormous personal and societal burdens, especially when it reaches the chronic stage of the disorder (pain for a duration of more than three months). Indeed, individuals who reach the chronic stage tend to show a more persistent course, and they account for the majority of social […]

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Yoga treYoga treatment for chronic non-specific low back painatment for chronic non-specific low back pain

Abstract Background Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. Objectives To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic […]

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Surgical options for lumbar spinal stenosis

Abstract Background Hospital charges for lumbar spinal stenosis have increased significantly worldwide in recent times, with great variation in the costs and rates of different surgical procedures. There have also been significant increases in the rate of complex fusion and the use of spinal spacer implants compared to that of traditional decompression surgery, even though […]

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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for sciatica

Abstract Background Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are one of the most frequently prescribed drugs for the treatment of sciatica. A previous Cochrane review on the efficacy of NSAIDs summarised findings for acute and chronic low back pain (LBP) and sciatica. This is an update of the original review (2008) focusing on people suffering from sciatica. […]

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Paracetamol for low back pain

Abstract Background Analgesic medication is the most frequently prescribed treatment for low back pain (LBP), of which paracetamol (acetaminophen) is recommended as the first choice medication. However, there is uncertainty about the efficacy of paracetamol for LBP. Objectives To investigate the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for non-specific LBP. Search methods We conducted searches on […]

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Hydromorphone for neuropathic pain in adults

Abstract Background Opioid drugs, including hydromorphone, are commonly used to treat neuropathic pain, and are considered effective by some professionals. Most reviews have examined all opioids together. This review sought evidence specifically for hydromorphone, at any dose, and by any route of administration. Other opioids are considered in separate reviews. This review is part of […]

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Back schools for acute and subacute non-specific low-back pain

Abstract Background Since the introduction of the Swedish back school in 1969, back schools have frequently been used for treating people with low-back pain (LBP). However, the content of back schools has changed and appears to vary widely today. In this review we defined back school as a therapeutic programme given to groups of people, […]

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Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for chronic low back pain

Abstract Background Chronic back pain is an important health problem. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used to treat people with low back pain, especially people with acute back pain. Short term NSAID use is also recommended for pain relief in people with chronic back pain. Two types of NSAIDs are available and used to […]

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Motor control exercise for acute non-specific low back pain

Abstract Background Motor control exercise (MCE) is used by healthcare professionals worldwide as a common treatment for low back pain (LBP). However, the effectiveness of this intervention for acute LBP remains unclear. Objectives To evaluate the effectiveness of MCE for patients with acute non-specific LBP. Search methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register […]

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