Rehabilitation

Botulinum toxin type A versus anticholinergics for cervical dystonia

Abstract Background This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and is a highly disabling movement disorder, characterised by involuntary, usually painful, head posturing. Currently, botulinum toxin type A (BtA) is considered the first line therapy for this condition. Before BtA, […]

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Prevention of depression in adults with long-term physical conditions

Abstract Background Major depression is one of the world’s leading causes of disability in adults with long‐term physical conditions compared to those without physical illness. This co‐morbidity is associated with a negative prognosis in terms of increased morbidity and mortality rates, increased healthcare costs, decreased adherence to treatment regimens, and a substantial decline in quality […]

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Patient and lay carer education for preventing pressure ulceration in at-risk populations

Abstract Background Pressure ulcers (PUs) are injuries to the skin and underlying tissues that occur most commonly over bony prominences, such as the hips and heels as a result of pressure and shear forces. PUs cause pain, discomfort, longer hospital stays, and decreased quality of life. They are also very costly to treat and consume […]

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Interventions for improving oral health in people after stroke

Abstract Background For people with physical, sensory and cognitive limitations due to stroke, the routine practice of oral health care (OHC) may become a challenge. Evidence‐based supported oral care intervention is essential for this patient group. Objectives To compare the effectiveness of OHC interventions with usual care or other treatment options for ensuring oral health […]

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Botulinum toxin type A therapy for blepharospasm

Abstract Background This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005. Blepharospasm is the second most common form of focal dystonia. It is a disabling disorder, characterised by chronic, intermittent or persistent, involuntary eyelid closure, due to spasmodic contractions of the orbicularis oculi muscles. Currently, botulinum toxin type A (BtA) is considered […]

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Mechanically assisted walking training for walking, participation, and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy

Abstract Background Cerebral palsy is the most common physical disability in childhood. Mechanically assisted walking training can be provided with or without body weight support to enable children with cerebral palsy to perform repetitive practice of complex gait cycles. It is important to examine the effects of mechanically assisted walking training to identify evidence‐based treatments […]

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Mechanically assisted walking training for walking, participation, and quality of life in children with cerebral palsy

Abstract Background Cerebral palsy is the most common physical disability in childhood. Mechanically assisted walking training can be provided with or without body weight support to enable children with cerebral palsy to perform repetitive practice of complex gait cycles. It is important to examine the effects of mechanically assisted walking training to identify evidence‐based treatments […]

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Implementation interventions to promote the uptake of evidence-based practices in stroke rehabilitation

Abstract Background Rehabilitation based upon research evidence gives stroke survivors the best chance of recovery. There is substantial research to guide practice in stroke rehabilitation, yet uptake of evidence by healthcare professionals is typically slow and patients often do not receive evidence‐based care. Implementation interventions are an important means to translate knowledge from research to […]

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Botulinum toxin type A therapy for cervical dystonia

Background This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2005. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia, and is a highly disabling movement disorder, characterised by involuntary, usually painful, head posturing. Currently, botulinum toxin type A (BtA) is considered the first line therapy for this condition. Objectives To compare […]

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Electromechanical-assisted training for walking after stroke

Abstract Background Electromechanical‐ and robot‐assisted gait‐training devices are used in rehabilitation and might help to improve walking after stroke. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2007 and previously updated in 2017. Objectives Primary • To determine whether electromechanical‐ and robot‐assisted gait training versus normal care improves walking after stroke Secondary […]

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